During the fifth and fourth centuries B.C., memorials to the dead sometimes took the form of monumental marble lekythoi. The shape was appropriate, for the lekythos–a vase used exclusively to hold oil–played an important part in funerary preparation and ritual. The figure of Kallisthenes, whose name is inscribed, is shown in low relief clasping the hand of a seated man, while a woman raises her hand to her chin in a customary gesture of mourning.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1947. "An Athenian Gravestone." Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 5(7): pp. 179-84.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1950. The Sculpture and Sculptors of the Greeks, 3rd edn. pp. 174, 518, fig. 496, New Haven: Yale University Press.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1953. Handbook of the Greek Collection. pp. 138, 278, pl. 118c, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1954. Catalogue of Greek Sculptures. no. 87, p. 59, pls. 70a-b, 71a-b, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
Schmaltz, Bernhard. 1970. "Untersuchungen zu den Attischen Marmorlekythen. Ph.D. diss." Ph.D. Diss. p. 119, A6. Universität des Saarlandes.
Forsyth, William Holmes and The International Confederation of Dealers in Works of Art. 1974. "Acquisitions from the Brummer Gallery." The Grand Gallery at the Metropolitan Museum of Art: Sixth International Exhibition presented by C.I.N.O.A.. p. 2, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Clairmont, Christoph W. 1993. Classical Attic Tombstones, Vol. 3. no. 3.131, pp. 63-4, Kilchberg: Akanthus.
Bodel, John P. and Stephen Tracy. 1997. Greek and Latin Inscriptions in the USA: A Checklist. p. 184, Rome: The American Academy in Rome.
Schmaltz, Bernhard. 1997. "Typus und Stil im Historischen Umfeld." Jahrbuch des Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts, 112: p. 85 ns. 33, 36.
Picón, Carlos A. 2007. Art of the Classical World in the Metropolitan Museum of Art: Greece, Cyprus, Etruria, Rome no. 163, pp. 144, 435-36, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.