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Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Terracotta calyx-krater (bowl for mixing wine and water)

Attributed to a painter of the Group of Polygnotos
ca. 440–430 B.C.
Greek, Attic
Terracotta; red-figure
H. 14 3/4 in. (37.5 cm) diameter of mouth 14 9/16 in. (37 cm) diameter of foot 6 9/16 in. (16.7 cm)
Credit Line:
Fletcher Fund, 1956
Accession Number:
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 159
Obverse, Theseus seizing the bull of Marathon
Reverse, three youths

When Theseus made his way from Troizen to Attica, he performed a number of feats, including the capture of a bull that had been ravaging the region around Marathon; he sacrificed the bull to Apollo. Here the two protagonists move gracefully in unison, much like their counterparts on the south frieze of the Parthenon.
von Bothmer, Dietrich. 1957. "Greek Vases from the Hearst Collection." Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 15(7): pp. 166, 178.

Beazley, John D. 1963[1942]. Attic Red-figure Vase-painters, Vols. 1 and 2, 2nd ed. p. 1057, no. 104, Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Beazley, John D. 1971. Paralipomena: Additions to Attic Black-Figure Vase-Painters and to Attic Red-Figure Vase-Painters [2nd edition]. p. 445, Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Avery, Catherine B. 1972[1962]. The New Century Handbook of Greek Art and Architecture. p. 61, New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts.

Kron, Uta. 1976. "Die Zehn attischen Phylenheroen: Geschichte, Mythos, Kult und Darstellungen." Mitteilungen des Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts, Athenische Abteilung, Beiheft, 5: cat. Ak19, A26, pp. 156, 272, 133, 134, 268.

Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae (LIMC). 1981. Vol. 1: Aara-Aphlad. Aigeus, no. 6, Zürich: Artemis Verlag.

Boardman, John. 1989. Athenian Red Figure Vases: The Classical Period, a Handbook. fig. 164, London: Thames and Hudson, London.

Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1994. Oidipous-Theseus, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 7. Theseus, no. 203, Zürich: Artemis Verlag.

Gebauer, Jörg. 2002. Pompe und Thysia: Attische Tieropferdarstellungen auf schwarz- und rotfigurigen Vasen. pp. 53 n. 263, 205 n. 824, Münster: Ugarit-Verlag.

Kaltsas, Nikolaos. 2004. Agon no. 177, pp. 299–300, Athens: Hellenic Ministry of Culture.

Picón, Carlos A. 2007. Art of the Classical World in the Metropolitan Museum of Art: Greece, Cyprus, Etruria, Rome no. 139, pp. 125, 432, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

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