On the front, the Greek hero Achilles defeats Memnon, an ally of the Trojans who has fallen to one knee. The name Achilles is inscribed. The battling heroes are flanked by their mothers, Eos behind Memnon and Thetis behind Achilles. During the first half of the sixth B.C. Attic vase-painters often combined mythological scenes with friezes of strolling animals.
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von Bothmer, Dietrich. 1961. "Greek Vases in the Recent Accessions Room." Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 19(5): pp. 152–53, fig. 2.
Beazley, John D. 1971. Paralipomena: Additions to Attic Black-Figure Vase-Painters and to Attic Red-Figure Vase-Painters [2nd edition]. p. 40, Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Markoe, Glenn and Nancy J. Serwint. 1985. Animal Style on Greek and Etruscan Vases : An Exhibition at the Robert Hull Fleming Museum. no. 21, pp. 21, 25–27, Burlington, Vermont: Robert Hull Fleming Museum, University of Vermont.
Schmaltz, Bernhard. 1998. "Peplos and Chiton." Jahrbuch des Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts, 113: p. 9 n. 54.
Moore, Mary B. 2013. "Herakles Takes Aim: A Rare Attic Black-Figured Neck-Amphora Attributed to the Princeton Painter." Metropolitan Museum Journal, 48: p. 51 n. 6.
Yatromanolakis, Dimitrios. 2016. Epigraphy of Art: Ancient Greek Vase-Inscriptions and Vase-Paintings pp. 10 n. 28, 13 n. 49, Oxford: Archaeopress.