Glass square bottle with base inscription, Glass, Roman

Glass square bottle with base inscription

Mid Imperial
2nd–3rd century A.D.
Glass; mold-blown
4 3/4 x 2 5/8 x 2 5/8 in. (12.1 x 6.7 x 6.7 cm)
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, 2000
Accession Number:
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 169
Translucent blue green; handle in same color.
Slanting rim folded out, over, and in, and flattened on top surface, forming a restricted oval opening to mouth; concave cylindrical neck; uneven shoulder with rounded outer edges; square body with vertical sides; flat bottom, slightly pushed in at center with circular pontil scar; broad strap handle applied in a thick pad across shoulder, drawn up at a slant, turned in at an acute angle, and trailed onto neck and underside of rim.
On bottom, Greek inscription in relief, written in retrograde in three lines: OMO at top, NOI at bottom, and A to one side in the middle.
Intact, although top end of trail on handle is broken off with weathered edges, and one crack down side at one corner; many large and elongated bubbles; dulling, pitting, and iridescence, with patches of encrustation and black weathering on exterior, encrustation, weathering, and iridescence on interior.

Many everyday containers were made in molds to a consistent size, like modern wine or beer bottles. Some of the molds included a stamp, usually on the base, as a trademark, although it remains uncertain whether this referred to the bottles or to their contents. On this example there is a inscription in large Greek letters on the base: it reads OMONOIA, probably a personal name.
Inscription: Inscribed in Greek on the base: OMONOIA
Metropolitan Museum of Art. 2000. "One Hundred Thirtieth Annual Report of the Trustees for the Fiscal Year July 1, 1999 through June 30, 2000." Annual Report of the Trustees of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 130: p. 18.

Lightfoot, Christopher S. 2006. "Roman Mould-Blown Stamped Bottles in The Metropolitan Museum of Art." Corpus des signatures et marques sur verres antiques, Vol. 2, Danièle Foy and Marie-Dominique Nenna, eds. p. 454, pl. 5, Aix-en-Provence: Association française pour l'archéologie du verre.