armet, ca. 1460–70; wrapper, ca. 1450; rondel, probably 18th–19th century
Armet (a): H. 12 in. (30.5 cm); W. 7 7/8 in. (20 cm); D. 12 1/4 in. (31.1 cm); Wt. 7 lb. 15.1 oz. (3603.2 g); wrapper (b); H. 7 1/8 in. (18.1 cm); W. 8 1/8 in. (20.6 cm); D. 7 1/2 in. (19.1 cm); Wt. 3 lb. 15.6 oz. (1803 g); armet with wrapper (a, b): H. 14 3/8 in. (36.5 cm); W. 8 1/4 in. (21 cm); D. 12 1/4 in. (31.1 cm); Wt. 11 lb. 14.7 oz. (5406.3 g)
Rogers Fund, 1920
Not on view
The armet was the typical headpiece of the Italian mounted knight in the fifteenth century. Completely enveloping the head, it was constructed of a bowl with separate brow reinforce, close-fitting cheekpieces hinged at the sides and closing at the chin, and a pivoting visor. The armet usually was worn with a secondary face defense, or wrapper, which covered the lower face and neck and prevented the visor from being struck open. The wrapper strapped around the armet and buckled at the back; the rondel projecting from the base of the bowl protected the straps and the closing of the cheekpieces at the back.
The Museum's armet and wrapper are contemporary but associated. The bowl is struck on either side of the medial ridge at the back with a Brescian-style armorer's mark consisting of the letters IA (?) beneath the abbreviation sign. The wrapper bears the marks of the famous Missaglia family of Milan used before 1452: the letters MY beneath a crown and below, struck twice, an M beneath a split-legged cross. Both pieces were etched at a later date with arms said to be those of the Piombini family. (The visor is associated and the rondel is modern; the wrapper has been altered.)
Marking: Stamped on the helmet bowl: a Brescian-style armorer's mark consisting of the letters IA (?) beneath the abbreviation sign; on the wrapper, marks of the Missaglia family of Milan used before 1452: MY beneath a crown, and an M beneath a split-legged cross.
Ex. coll.: Marchesa di Salvo di Ferrara, PalermoMarchesa di Salvo di Ferrara, Palermo (until 1920; sold to MMA).
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "European Helmets 1450–1650: Treasures from the Reserve Collection," January 25, 2000–December 30, 2001, no. 15.
"L'Armeria del Vicerè di Sicilia in una Mostra a Milano." Arte Figurativa Antica e Moderna 6 pp. 25–29.
Bull, Stephen. An Historical Guide to Arms and Armor, edited by Tony North, editor. New York: Facts on File, Inc, 1991. p. 76, ill.
Pyhrr, Stuart W. European Helmets, 1450–1650: Treasures from the Reserve Collection. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Jan 25, 2000 - Dec 30, 2000. pp. 13, 46, no. 15, ill.