Late Sasanian silver vessels, particularly bottles and ewers, often were decorated with female figures holding a variety of festal objects. The appearance of these motifs attests to the continuing influence of Greek imagery associated with the wine god Dionysus. On this silver-gilt vessel, floral arches, supported by low pilasters, frame four dancing female figures. Each holds a ceremonial object in either hand: grape and leaf branches, a vessel, a heart-shaped flower. Beneath one arcade, birds peck at fruit, and beneath another a tiny panther drinks from a ewer. Both the females and their decorative motifs recall representations of the maenads, attendants of Dionysus. However, it has been suggested that these figures have been adapted to the cult of the Iranian goddess Anahita. No texts survive to explain the appearance or function of these female figures, but it seems likely that vessels decorated with motifs such as these would have been intended to hold wine for court celebrations or religious festivals.
#7022. Ewer with dancing females within arcades, Part 1
7022. Ewer with dancing females within arcades, Part 1
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Title:Ewer with dancing females within arcades
Date:ca. 6th–7th century CE
Medium:Silver, mercury gilding
Dimensions:H. of (a) 34 cm
Credit Line:Purchase, Mr. and Mrs. C. Douglas Dillon Gift and Rogers Fund, 1967
Accession Number:67.10a, b
[By 1965, with Nuri Farhadi and Habib Anavian, New York]; acquired by the Museum in 1967, purchased from Nuri Farhadi and Habib Anavian, New York.
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“The Royal Hunter: Art of the Sasanian Empire,” Asia House Gallery, New York, The Dallas Museum of Fine Arts, The Cleveland Museum of Art, 1978.
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Evans, Helen C. and Brandie Ratliff (ed.). 2012. Ewer with Dancing Female Figures within Arcades. Byzantium and Islam: Age of Transition, 7th–9th century. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art and Yale University Press, 20, p. 31.
Dan, Anca, Frantz Grenet and Nicholas Sims-Williams. 2014 . “Homeric Scenes in Bactria and India: Two Silver Plates with Bactrian and Middle Persian Inscriptions.” Bulletin of the Asia Institute 28, pp. 241, 264 fig. 44.
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