Inscription: Arabic, on borders and reverse of rim; translation: "Glory, Prosperity, Power, Happiness, Safety, Fortune, Generosity, Triumph, Forgiveness ... to owner of this (repeated three times)".
Translation by Yassir al-Tabba:
-rim: "Glory, prosperity, dominion, devotion, security, glory, good health, perfection, dignity, and continuous survival to its owner. Its owner Abu Bakr Ali Malik Dad al-Tabrizi";
[Francesca Leoni, Fellow 02-07-08. Its owner Abu Bakr 'Ali Malik Zad al-Tabrizi]
-outside of rim: "With auspiciousness, blessing, dominion, highness to (our lord), happiness, joy, good health, dignity, victory, ability, mercy, rest, ornament, and continuance to its owner";
-base: "Glory, prosperity, dominion, happiness, security, wealth, good health, perfect dignity, victory, strength, ability, mercy, rest, increase, joy, and continuous survival to its owner".
Carboni, Stefano. Following the Stars: The Zodiac in Islamic Art. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1997. no. 8, pp. 23-23, ill. (b/w), 91.1.527a only.
Ekhtiar, Maryam, and Claire Moore, ed. "A Resource for Educators." In Art of the Islamic World. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2012. pp. 102-103, ill. figs. 19, 20, fig. 20: pestle accompanying the mortar.