Art/ Collection/ Art Object
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清 郎世寧 百駿圖白描稿 卷
One Hundred Horses

Artist:
Giuseppe Castiglione (Italian, Milan 1688–1766 Beijing)
Period:
Qing dynasty (1644–1911)
Date:
datable to 1723–25
Culture:
China
Medium:
Handscroll; ink on paper
Dimensions:
Image: 37 in. x 25 ft. 10 3/4 in. (94 x 789.3 cm) Overall with mounting: H. 38 1/2 in. (97.8 cm)
Classification:
Paintings
Credit Line:
Purchase, Friends of Asian Art Gifts, 1991
Accession Number:
1991.134
Not on view
During the eighteenth century, the Manchu Qing dynasty sponsored a major revival of courtly arts, which attained a new monumental scale, technical finish, and descriptive intricacy. A key figure in establishing this new court aesthetic was the Italian Jesuit Giuseppe Castiglione. A master of vividly naturalistic draftsmanship and large-scale compositions, in Europe he worked as a muralist. Castiglione helped to create a new, hybrid style that combined Western realism with traditional Chinese conventions of composition and brushwork.

This monumental scroll, a unique example of a Castiglione preparatory drawing, is the model for one of Castiglione's most famous paintings, the One Hundred Horses scroll preserved in the National Palace Museum, Taipei. The drawing, although done with a brush rather than a pen, is executed almost exclusively in the European manner. Landscape is represented using Western-style perspective, figures are often shown in dramatically foreshortened views, and vegetation is depicted with spontaneous arabesques and cross-hatching. The large scale of the painting also suggests a European influence, as if Castiglione had taken a typical Western canvas and extended its length to make an architectural frieze.
#7650. One Hundred Horses
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For Audio Guide tours and information, visit metmuseum.org/audioguide.
Inscription: No artist’s inscription, signature, or seal

Label strip

Unidentified artist, 2 columns in standard script, 20th c. (printed):

日華古今繪畫展覽會出品 第 號
清 郎世寧 《百駿圖》 素描卷

Colophon

1. Zhang Haoru 章浩如 (early 20th c.), 14 columns in semi-cursive script, undated; 4 seals:

郎世寧,歐洲人,入華籍。雍正朝供奉内廷,畫馬兼工人物、花鳥、屋宇,恭用西灋尺線測繪,絲粟不爽,工緻絕倫。凖噶尔進大宛馬,上命圖之,得邀睿賞,賜題其所畫 《百駿圖》 長卷,久藏大内。宣統朝由攝政邸借出撮影,今有流傳影本。是卷即 《百駿圖》 稿本,雖荒率不經意,而矩度森嚴,筆畫遒勁,亦海内孤本,似遠勝球璧足珍也。聼秋道士識於宣南幻吾廬中。[印]: 雪泥鴻爪、 金城章氏伯子、 浩如書畫長壽、恨不十年讀書
[ Mayuyama & Co., Ltd. , Tokyo, until 1991; sold to MMA]
Zurich. Museum Rietberg. "The Mandate of Heaven: Emperors and Artists in China," April 2, 1996–July 7, 1996.

Museum für Asiatische Kunst, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin. "The Mandate of Heaven: Emperors and Artists in China," August 3, 1996–November 10, 1996.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "When the Manchus Ruled China: Painting under the Qing Dynasty (1644–1911)," February 2, 2002–August 18, 2002.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Chinese Painting, Masterpieces from the Permanent Collection," August 28, 2004–February 20, 2005.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "The Emperor's Private Paradise: Treasures from the Forbidden City," February 1, 2011–May 1, 2011.

Taipei. National Palace Museum. "Portrayals from a Brush Divine: A Special Exhibition on the Tricentennial of Giuseppe Castiglione’s Arrival in China," October 8, 2015–January 4, 2016.

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