Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Pilaster (Tetramorph) from the Parapet of a Pulpit with Symbol of the Evangelists

Workshop of Giovanni Pisano (Italian, Pisa ca. 1240–before 1320 Siena)
ca. 1302–10
Made in Pisa, Tuscany, Italy
Central Italian
Marble (Lunense marble from Carrara), traces of paint
Overall: 33 3/4 x 13 3/4 x 9 in. (85.7 x 34.9 x 22.9 cm)
pin in base: 3 1/16 x 13/16 in. (7.7 x 2.1 cm)
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, 1921
Accession Number:
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 305
The trumpet-blowing angels, heralding the Last Judgment once flanked a relief of Christ as Judge (now in Berlin) in the center. The central pilaster is composed of a compact group with symbols of the evangelists: the angel of Matthew at center, the ox of Luke at his left, and the lion of Mark on the right. The pilaster supported an eagle lectern, similar to the adjacent one, for the reading of the Gospels. The eagle
of John thus completed a representation known as a tetramorph. Probably executed by assistants after designs by the sculptor Giovanni Pisano, the pulpit was finished in 1310. It was dismantled in 1603, then reconstructed in the cathedral in 1926.
Probably from pulpit of the Cathedral of Pisa, built 1302-1310, demolished 1595.; Private Collection, Florence; [ Dealer(Bardini?), Florence (by 1870)]; John Ruskin (British), Brantwood, Coniston Lake (by 1873-1900); Mrs. Arthur Severn, Brantwood, Coniston Lake (until ca. 1904); [ R. Langton Douglas, London (sold 1921)]
Breck, Joseph. "Notes from the Department of Decorative Arts." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, o.s., 16, n. 12 (December 1921). pp. 264-65.

Breck, Joseph. "Sculpture by Giovanni Pisano." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, o.s., 16, no. 7 (July 1921). fig. 2.

Valentiner, William Reinhold. Catalogue of an Exhibition of Italian Gothic and Early Renaissance Sculptures. Detroit: Detroit Institute of Arts, 1938. no. 5.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Guide to the Collections: Medieval Art. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1962. fig. 53.

Jászai, Géza. Die Pisaner Domkanzel: Neuer Versuch zur Wiederherstellung ihres ursprünglichen Zustandes. Munich, 1968. pp. 29-32, pl. 4B.

Ayrton, Michael. Giovanni Pisano: Sculptor. London: Thames and Hudson Inc., 1969. no. 287, pp. 227, 230.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Masterpieces of Fifty Centuries. New York: Dutton Publishing, 1970. no. 183, pp. 198-99.

Beeson, Nora B., ed. Guide to The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1972. no. 48, p. 221.

Gómez-Moreno, Carmen. "Giovanni Pisano at the Metropolitan Museum Revisited." Metropolitan Museum Journal 5 (1972). pp. 51-, fig. 7-9,16,24-6,31.

Carli, Enzo. Il pergamo del Duomo di Pisa. Pacini: Pacini, 1975. pp. 10, 21, 24-25, pls. 97-99.

Carli, Enzo. Giovanni Pisano. Scultura. Pisa: Pacini, 1977. pp. 95-96, 110, 114, pl. 146.

Sutton, Denys. "Robert Langton Douglas: Agent for the Metropolitan Museum." Apollo 109 (June 1979). p. 416, fig. 10.

Ruskin, John, and Charles Eliot Norton. The Correspondence of John Ruskin and Charles Eliot Norton, edited by John Lewis Bradley, and Ian Ousby. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987. pp. 216, 267, 283.

Seidel, Max. Giovanni Pisano a Genova. Genoa: Sagep, 1987. p. 26.

Baracchini, Clara, ed. I marmi di Lasinio: La collezione di sculture medievali e moderne nel Camposanto di Pisa. Florence: Studio per Edizioni Scelte, 1993. pp. 207, 208-9.

Kreytenberg, Gert. "L'ambone del Duomo di Pisa: Aspetti storici e artistici." In L'ambone del Duomo di Pisa, edited by Crispino Valenziano. Milan: Franco Maria Ricci, 1993. pp. 21, 34.

Tucker, Paul Hayes. "1870: School of Clay." In Ruskin and Tuscany. London: The Ruskin Gallery, Ltd., 1993. pp. 66-68, ill. p. 63.

Valenziano, Crispino. "L'ambone del Duomo di Pisa: Lettura teologico-liturgica." In L'ambone del Duomo di Pisa, edited by Crispino Valenziano. Milan: Franco Maria Ricci, 1993. p. 46.

Jászai, Géza. "Giovanni Pisano." In Enciclopedia dell'arte medievale. Vol. 6. Rome: Istituto della Enciclopedia Italiana, 1995. p. 749.

Novello, Roberto Paolo. "Il pergamo di Giovanni Pisano." In Il Duomo di Pisa, edited by Adriano Peroni. Mirabilia Italiae 3. Modena: Panini, 1995. pp. 241-42, 248, fig. 168.

McClintock, Kathryn. "The Classroom and the Courtyard: Medievalism in American Highbrow Culture." In Medieval Art in America: Patterns of Collecting, 1800–1940, edited by Elizabeth Bradford Smith. University Park, Pa.: Palmer Museum of Art, 1996. p. 42.

Pope-Hennessy, John. An Introduction to Italian Sculpture. Vol. 1. 4th ed. London: Phaidon Press, 1996. p. 237.

Lamberini, Daniela, and David Mason. "Il pergamo smembrato del Duomo di Pisa nell'immaginario inglese e il suo calco al Victoria & Albert Museum di Londra." In Pulpiti medievali toscani: Storia e restauri di micro-architetture; Atti della giornata di studio, Accademia delle Arti del Disegno, Firenze, 21 giugno, edited by Daniela Lamberini. Studi (Accademia Toscana di Scienze e Lettere la Colombaria), Vol. 173. Florence: Olschki, 1999. p. 142, fig. 4.

Melcher, Ralph. Die mittelalterlichen Kanzeln der Toskana. Manuskripte zur Kunstwissenschaft in der Wernerschen Verlagsgesellschaft, Vol. 56. Worms: Wernersche Verlagsgesellschaft, 2000. no. B41b, pp. 307, 389.

Poeschke, Joachim. Die Skulptur des Mittelalters in Italien: Volume 2, Gotik. Munich: Hirmer Verlag, 2000. p. 118.

Moskowitz, Anita F. Italian Gothic Sculpture, c. 1250-c. 1400. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2001. p. 337, n. 46.

Giannini, Cristina. L'attimo fuggente: Storie di collezionisti e mercanti. Bergamo: Editore Lubrina, 2002. p. 52.

Moskowitz, Anita F. Nicola and Giovanni Pisano: the Pulpits; Pious Devotion, Pious Diversion. London: Harvey Miller Publishers, 2005. p. 98, fig. 83, 84.

Spannocchi, Sabina. Giovanni Pisano. Grandi Scultori, Vol. 11. Rome: Gruppo Editoriale L'Espresso, 2005. p. 149.

Calderoni Masetti, Anna Rosa. "Dal pergamo di Guglielmo a quello di Giovanni Pisano nel Duomo di Pisa." In Medioevo: Il tempo degli antichi; Atti del convegno internazionale di studi, Parma, 24-28 settembre 2003, edited by Arturo Carlo Quintavalle. Convegni di Parma. Milan: Electa, 2006. p. 451, fig. 17.

Novello, Roberto Paolo. Giovanni Pisano: Il pergamo di Pisa. Figure (Modena, Italy), Vol. 9. Modena: Panini, 2006. pp. 38, 39, 52, 54.

Dent, Peter. "Laude dei Trini: Observations towards a Reconstruction of Giovanni Pisano's Pistoia Pulpit." Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 71 (2008). p. 126, fig. 4.

Tolaini, Emilio. "La mostra della scultura pisana del Trecento, Pisa, 1946-1947." In Medioevo / Medioevi: Un secolo di esposizioni d'arte medievale, edited by Enrico Castelnuovo, and Alessio Monciatti. Seminari e Convegni, Vol. 13. Pisa: Edizioni della Normale, 2008. p. 214.

Castelnuovo-Tedesco, Lisbeth, and Jack Soultanian. Italian Medieval Sculpture in The Metropolitan Museum of Art and The Cloisters. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2010. no. 37, pp. 166–70.

Seidel, Max. Father and Son: Nicola and Giovanni Pisano. Vol. 1. Munich: Hirmer Verlag, 2012. pp. 16, 43, n. 21.

Related Objects

Pilaster of Angels Sounding Trumpets from the Parapet of a Pulpit

Artist: Workshop of Giovanni Pisano (Italian, Pisa ca. 1240–before 1320 Siena) Date: 1302–10 Medium: Marble (Lunense from Carrara), traces of paint Accession: 10.203.1 On view in:Gallery 305

Pilaster of Angels Sounding Trumpets from the Parapet of a Pulpit

Artist: Workshop of Giovanni Pisano (Italian, Pisa ca. 1240–before 1320 Siena) Date: 1302–10 Medium: Marble (Lunense from Carrara), traces of paint Accession: 10.203.2 On view in:Gallery 305

Lectern for the Reading of the Gospels with the Eagle of Saint John the Evangelist

Artist: Giovanni Pisano (Italian, Pisa ca. 1240–1319 Siena) Date: ca. 1301, with later additions Medium: Marble Accession: 18.70.28 On view in:Gallery 305