This earring, along with its pair (acc. no. 22.50.6), are said to be from the ancient city of Olbia on the northern coast of the Black Sea. Long a colonial trading post of the ancient Greeks, the city was inhabited by a mix of Greeks and Scythians and, from the third century B.C., Sarmatians as well. These earrings were made in the mid-first century A.D., a time when local inhabitants received gold and silver from the Romans in exchange for local goods such as salt and grain. The earrings display an array of accomplished goldsmithing techniques: three teardrop-shaped sardonyx stones in serrated, or dogtooth, settings are placed above a crossbar adorned with twisted filigree and granulation. The five chains of twisted gold wire hanging from the crossbar would have originally terminated in small glass beads. The Sarmatians, like the Scythians, buried their dead with jewelry and other possessions, and these earrings were likely part of a wealthy woman's burial attire. A grave recently excavated from the area suggests that a full complement of burial jewelry would have also included several necklaces, a pair of bracelets, gold brooches, and a string of beads for the head.
Said to be from Olbia (modern Ukraine).; Joseph Chmielowski, Ochakov, Ukraine? (sold 1922); his sale, American Art Galleries, New York (February 24, 1922, no. 692)
Greenwich, CT. Bruce Museum. "Unearthing the Allure of Gems," April 26, 2003–September 7, 2003.
Illustrated catalogue of the remarkable Greek archaeological collection from Olbia in South Russia excavated during the past ten years by, and under the supervision of, the present owner Mr. Joseph Chmielowski. New York: American Art Association, February 23–25, 1922. no. 692, (unpaginated).
Brown, Katharine R. Guide to Provincial Roman and Barbarian Metalwork and Jewelry in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1981. pp. 6-7, fig. 7.
Brown, Katharine R. Migration Art, A.D. 300-800. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1995. no. 1, pp. 5-6.
Brown, Katharine R., Dafydd Kidd, and Charles T. Little, ed. From Attila to Charlemagne: Arts of the Early Medieval Period in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York and New Haven: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000. p. 51, 356, fig. 6.1.
Artist: Cameo by Giovanni Jacopo Caraglio (Italian, Parma or Verona ca. 1500/1505–1565 Krakow (?)) Date: cameo ca. 1530–40, frame 19th centuryMedium: Sardonyx, with inlaid gold and silver details; mounted in 19th century frame as a pendant in gold, with enamel, pearl and rubyAccession: 17.190.869On view in:Gallery 536