Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Manuscript Illumination with Saint Lawrence in an Initial C, from a Gradual

Don Simone Camaldolese (Italian, active Florence, 1375–98)
ca. 1380–90
Made in Florence, Italy
Tempera, ink and gold on parchment
Overall: 5 7/8 x 7 9/16 in. (15 x 19.2 cm) Mat size: 10 11/16 x 12 1/2 in. (27.2 x 31.8 cm)
Manuscripts and Illuminations
Credit Line:
Bequest of Mrs. A. M. Minturn, 1890
Accession Number:
Not on view
When embellished with a figure or a scene, the opening letter of a hymn serves as a visual prompt to members of the choir. Here, the figure dressed as a deacon and holding a large grill is Saint Lawrence, whose feast is celebrated on August 10. Still visible in the margin is a note to the artist indicating that a figure (figura) should be painted in the letter.
Mrs. A. M. Minturn(until 1890)
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Choirs of Angels: Painting in Italian Choir Books, 1300-1500," November 25, 2008–April 12, 2009.

Frederic Fairchild Sherman, ed. "Foliated Initials by Don Simone of Siena." Art in America 8 (1920). pp. 21-27.

d'Ancona, Mirella Levi. Miniatura e miniatori a Firenze dal xiv al xvi secolo: documenti per la storia della miniatura. Firenze, 1962. pp. 239-240; 344.

Don Simone Camaldolese and manuscript production in late Trecento Florence: a codicological examination. New York, 1984. no. 47, p. 164.

Boehm, Barbara Drake, and Laurence B. Kanter. Painting and Illumination in Early Renaissance Florence, 1300–1450. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1994. no. 22, pp. 196–97.

Boehm, Barbara Drake. "Choirs of Angels: Painting in Italian Choir Books, 1300-1500." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, n.s., 66, no. 3 (Winter 2009). p. 32, fig. 35.

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