Art/ Collection/ Art Object

明 王上宮 忠孝圖 卷
Paragons of Loyalty and Filial Piety

Wang Shanggong (Chinese, active 16th century)
Ming dynasty (1368–1644)
dated 1593
Handscroll; ink on paper
Image: 11 1/8 in. x 14 ft. 8 3/4 in. (28.3 x 448.9 cm)
Overall with mounting: 12 1/4 in. x 38 ft. 1 15/16 in. (31.1 x 1163.2 cm)
Credit Line:
Purchase, Bequest of Dorothy Graham Bennett, 1985
Accession Number:
Not on view
Illustrations of historical paragons of piety and loyalty have been an important method of transmitting those virtues since at least the Han dynasty (206B.C.–A.D. 220). In the eleventh century, the scholar-artist Li Gonglin (ca. 1041–1106) gave new meaning to this tradition with his Classic of Filial Piety, in which simple monochrome drawings not only illustrate the text but also present subtle commentaries on contemporary society. In this painting, Wang Shanggong, a little-known artist from Suzhou, reinvigorated the role of artist as social critic by reviving the Li Gonglin tradition in both subject matter and style. Living under the rule of the Wanli emperor (r. 1573–1620), who refused to come to court for the last twenty-five years of his reign, Wang presented interpretations of important themes, such as officials
admonishing their ruler and the emperor receiving his ministers, which must have held particular significance for his contemporaries. Wang's extraordinarily fine baimiao (plain-drawing) style was inspired by the monochrome drawing method of Li Gonglin but attained a new level of gossamer thinness and delicacy that anticipates the stylistic innovations of such better-known late sixteenth- and early seventeenth-century artists as Ding Yunpeng, Wu Bin, and Chen Hongshou.
#7634. Paragons of Loyalty and Filial Piety
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Inscription: Artist's inscriptions and signature (3 columns in standard script)


Artist’s seals


Label Strip

Unidentified Artist, 1 column in semi-cursive script, undated; 1 seal:

王上宮《忠孝圖》 [印]:益記

Collector's seals

Dai Zhi 戴植 (19th c.)

Zhang Xueliang 張學良 (1901–2001)
Wang Nanping (until d. 1985; his sale at Sotheby’s, New York, Fine Chinese Paintings from the Yuzhai (Jade Studio) collection, December 5, 1985, lot 88, to MMA)
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "The New Chinese Galleries: An Inaugural Installation," 1997.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Chinese Painting, Masterpieces from the Permanent Collection," August 28, 2004–February 20, 2005.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Secular and Sacred: Scholars, Deities, and Immortals in Chinese Art," September 10, 2005–January 8, 2006.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Arts of the Ming Dynasty: China's Age of Brilliance," January 23, 2009–September 13, 2009.

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