Isometric Systems in Isotropic Space-Map Projections: The Doughnut (tangent torus)

Agnes Denes American, born Hungary

Not on view

Science helps us make sense of the world, but the world does not always fit into the framework that science provides. Errors, discrepancies, and even absurdities can result when a system meets an object. In this work, Denes maps the earth onto a mathematical form: a doughnut.

In reimagining the globe’s spatial coordinates, she also deforms them, and as the planet bends to a new illogical logic, it loses its familiar legibility, devolving into visual chaos. "Map Projections," Denes wrote in 1976, is "based on the conflicting and interdependent elements of . . . irrationality and reason."

Isometric Systems in Isotropic Space-Map Projections: The Doughnut (tangent torus), Agnes Denes (American, born Budapest, 1931), Pen and black ink, watercolor and metallic paint on mylar and paper

Due to rights restrictions, this image cannot be enlarged, viewed at full screen, or downloaded.

Open Access

As part of the Met's Open Access policy, you can freely copy, modify and distribute this image, even for commercial purposes.


Public domain data for this object can also be accessed using the Met's Open Access API.