Max Beckmann German
Publisher J. B. Neumann American, born Austria

Not on view

Following Klinger’s example, the German Expressionists often used printmaking to explore subject matter related to the darker side of life. Beckmann was one of numerous artists within this movement to mine the creative potential of the portfolio. The prints of Hell collectively express the nihilism and chaos of life in interwar Berlin. In Night, which was also realized as a painting shortly before the print was produced, a group of men cruelly tortures a middle-class family in their home. Coupled with the other horrific scenes of the portfolio, the image was meant to relate the psychological trauma inflicted on the German people by war and economic strife.

Hell, Max Beckmann (German, Leipzig 1884–1950 New York), 11 transfer lithographs

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a. Self-Portrait