- Middle Kingdom
- Dynasty 12
- ca. 1981–1802 B.C.
- From Egypt, Memphite Region, Lisht South, Pyramid Temple of Senwosret I, Outer Court, Pit 504, MMA excavations, 1908
- Hippopotamus ivory
- L. 33.8 × W. 3.8 × H. 15.8 × Th. 0.6 cm (13 5/16 × 1 1/2 × 6 1/4 × 1/4 in.)
- Credit Line:
- Rogers Fund, 1908
- Accession Number:
Wands such as this were a common feature in burials of the late Middle Kingdom. This one shows signs of wear on one tip, suggesting that it was used over a period of time before being placed in the tomb. The wand is decorated on one side with the figures of protective deities most of whom carry knives to ward off evil spirits.
The purpose of the wands is revealed by an inscription carved on the back of this
"Recitation by the many protectors: We have come that we may extend our protection around the healthy child Minhotep, alive, sound, and healthy, born of the noblewoman Sitsobek, alive, sound, and healthy. "
Other wands (15.3.197; 30.8.218) are inscribed on the front with the words "protection by day" and "protection by night." The texts indicate that the wands were used to defend infants against malign forces, perhaps by scratching a circle in the earth around the area where they slept. Having provided defense against illness during life, after death the wands were placed in the tomb to ensure the continued protection of the deceased's spirit in its eternal afterlife.