Coffin of Khnumhotep, Painted wood (Ficus sycomorus)

Coffin of Khnumhotep

Period:
Middle Kingdom
Dynasty:
Dynasty 12
Date:
ca. 1981–1802 B.C.
Geography:
From Egypt, Middle Egypt, Khashaba excavations, 1910; Probably from Meir
Medium:
Painted wood (Ficus sycomorus)
Dimensions:
With closed lid: L. 209 cm (82 5/16 in.); H. 81.3 cm (32 in.); W. 54.2 cm (21 5/16 in.)
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, 1912
Accession Number:
12.182.131a, b
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 112
The coffin of Khnumhotep is decorated on the exterior with a scheme typical of the mid- to late Twelfth Dynasty, that is the period spanning the reigns of pharaohs Amenemhat II and Amenemhat III. One the coffin’s sides, the panels framed by the horizontal and vertical inscriptions are filled with the tall, narrow niches of a palace-façade motif, with the addition of two large eyes in the north panel on the east (front) side. This motif, employed by Twelfth Dynasty kings on their sarcophagi, emulates the facade of the enclosure wall of the third Dynasty pyramid complex of King Djoser. For the mummy of Khnumhotep see 12.182.131c.
#3335. Coffin of Khnumhotep
#1156. Kids: Coffin of Khnumhotep, Part 1
#1157. Kids: Coffin of Khnumhotep, Part 2
For Audio Guide tours and information, visit metmuseum.org/audioguide.
Excavated at Meir by Ahmed Bey Kamal for Sayyid Pasha Khashaba. Acquired by Khashaba in the division of finds. Purchased from Khashaba by the Museum, 1912.

Hayes, William C. 1953. Scepter of Egypt I: A Background for the Study of the Egyptian Antiquities in The Metropolitan Museum of Art: From the Earliest Times to the End of the Middle Kingdom. Cambridge, Mass.: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, pp. 308, 310, 315, figs. 201, 204.

Metropolitan Museum of Art 1962. Guide to the Collections, 3. New York, p. 23, fig. 27.

Allen, James P. 2015. "Coffin and Mummy of the Estate manager Khnumhotep." In Ancient Egypt Transformed: The Middle Kingdom, edited by Adela Oppenheim, Dorothea Arnold, Dieter Arnold, and Kei Yamamoto. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, pp. 233–34, no. 170.

Oppenheim, Adela 2015. "Introduction: What Was the Middle Kingdom?." In Ancient Egypt Transformed: The Middle Kingdom, edited by Adela Oppenheim, Dorothea Arnold, Dieter Arnold, and Kei Yamamoto. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, p. 8.

Quirke, Stephen 2015. "Understanding Death: A Journey between Worlds." In Ancient Egypt Transformed: The Middle Kingdom, edited by Adela Oppenheim, Dorothea Arnold, Dieter Arnold, and Kei Yamamoto. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, p. 218, fig. 93.

Yamamoto, Kei 2015. "The Art of the Stela." In Ancient Egypt Transformed: The Middle Kingdom, edited by Adela Oppenheim, Dorothea Arnold, Dieter Arnold, and Kei Yamamoto. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, p. 36, n. 33.