Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Henettawy (C)'s Book of the Dead

Third Intermediate Period
Dynasty 21
ca. 990–970 B.C.
From Egypt, Upper Egypt, Thebes, Deir el-Bahri, Tomb MMA 60, Chamber B, Burial of Henettawy C (4), MMA excavations, 1923–24
Papyrus, ink
L. 166.4 × H. 24.1 cm (65 1/2 × 9 1/2 in.)
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, 1925
Accession Number:
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 126
Discovered inside Henettawy's Osiris figure (25.3.35a, b), this papyrus had been tightly rolled and tied with a tape of papyrus on one side.The scroll starts on viewer right with a painted vignette showing Henettawy presenting a jar of ointment to a figure of Osiris, captioned with carefully drawn hieroglyphs. The remainder of the papyrus is filled with columns of text written in a cursive script called hieratic. These are chapters from the Book of Coming Forth by Day (known as the Book of the Dead), each headed by a title in red ink. The drawing and hieroglyphs in the scene were done by one draftsman, the hieratic text by another.
Museum excavations 1923–24. Acquired by the Museum in the division of finds, 1925.

Niwinski, Andrzej 1989. Studies on the illustrated Theban funerary papyri of the 11th and 10th centuries B.C., Orbis biblicus et orientalis, 86. Freibourg, Switzerland: Biblical Institute of the University of Freibourg Switzerland, p. 345 (New York 6).

Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 2007. Inschriften der Spätzeit, Teil I: Die 21. Dynastie. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, p.194, cat. 11.22.

Aston, David 2009. Burial Assemblages of Dynasty 21–25: Chronology – Typology – Developments. Contributions to the chronology of the Eastern Mediterranean, vol. 21, Denkschriften der Gesamtakademie, 56. Vienna: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, pp. 200, 309.

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