Art/ Collection/ Art Object
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Dummy canopic jar with baboon head (Hapy)

Period:
Third Intermediate Period, Kushite
Dynasty:
Dynasty 25
Date:
ca. 712–664 B.C.
Geography:
From Egypt, Upper Egypt, Thebes, Khokha, Tomb of Aafenmut (MMA 832), pit 1, Burials of Pakherenkhonsu and Heresenes, MMA excavations, 1914–15
Medium:
Limestone
Dimensions:
H. 27.5 cm (10 13/16 in.); diam. ; diam. of base 7.5 cm (2 15/16 in.); diam. at neck ; circ. 38.5 cm (15 3/16 in.)
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, 1928
Accession Number:
28.3.61
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 130
A set of four canopic jars was an important element of the burial in most periods of Ancient Egyptian history. Canopic jars were containers in which the separately mummified organs would be placed. The best known versions of these jars have lids in the shape of the heads of protective deities called the four Sons of Horus. The human-headed Imsety was the guardian of the liver; the baboon-headed Hapy looked after the lungs; the jackal-headed Duamutef was responsible for the stomach; and the falcon-headed Qebehsenuef cared for the intestines.
This dummy jar has no interior cavity and the "lid" is not removable. It dates to a period during which the internal organs were mummified and then placed back into the mummy, but canopic jars continued to be included as part of the burial equipment in order to ensure the protection of the four Sons of Horus.
Canopic jars from two different burials were found in the same tomb shaft. For another jar from this set, see 28.3.59. For jars from the second set, see 28.3.56 –.58.
Museum excavations, 1914-1915. Acquired in the division of finds. Brought to New York and accessioned, 1928.

Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 2007. Inschriften der Spatzeit, Teil II: Die 22.-24. Dynastie. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, p. 407, cat. 44.54.

Aston, David 2009. Burial Assemblages of Dynasty 21–25: Chronology – Typology – Developments. Contributions to the chronology of the Eastern Mediterranean, vol. 21, Denkschriften der Gesamtakademie, 56. Vienna: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, pp. 219, 307.

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