Jain Goddess Padmavati

India (Gujarat)

Not on view

The enthroned goddess is seated in a yogic meditation posture on a lotus throne, and framed by an elaborate architectural back-plate with slender round pillars supporting the shrine setting with its amalaka (cupola-like) crowning element. The shrine incorporates two female fly whisk (cauri) bearers, each supported on a foliate armature supporting a lotus bud pedestal and above, the meditating Parsvanatha. Padmavati holds an elephant goad (ankusa) and a vajra in her upper hands affirming her esoteric associations, whilst her lower hands hold a lotus bud and gesture varadamudra respectively. She is linked to the 23rd Jina Parsvanatha, who is represented as a small image presiding over the goddess.

Her vehicle and cognizant sign is the cock, seen on the pedestal below her lotus cushion throne. According to the Niranakalika, the rooster serves as her vehicle (vahana) and she is prescribed as having four arms though displaying somewhat different attributes. Another ritual source, Mallisena’s Bhairavapadma cites a variant set of attributes, but both include the goad. Padmavati would appear to be associated with auspiciousness and wealth, as witnessed by the row of eight (auspicious number) ‘treasure pots’ depicted on the pedestal, thus suggesting iconographic and devotional parallels with the Hindu goddess Lakshmi.

Jain Goddess Padmavati, Copper alloy, India (Gujarat)

Due to rights restrictions, this image cannot be enlarged, viewed at full screen, or downloaded.

Open Access

As part of the Met's Open Access policy, you can freely copy, modify and distribute this image, even for commercial purposes.


Public domain data for this object can also be accessed using the Met's Open Access API.