Enthroned Jina Attended by a Yaksha, a Yakshi, and Chauri-Bearers, Copper alloy, India (Karnataka)

Enthroned Jina Attended by a Yaksha, a Yakshi, and Chauri-Bearers

Period:
Chalukyan period
Date:
9th–10th century
Culture:
India (Karnataka)
Medium:
Copper alloy
Dimensions:
H. 9 3/4 in. (24.8 cm)
Classification:
Sculpture
Credit Line:
Samuel Eilenberg Collection, Gift of Samuel Eilenberg, 1987
Accession Number:
1987.142.335
Not on view
This Digambara icon from the Deccan shows a jina meditating beneath a flowering tree, follow the conventions seen in Buddhist sculptures of the period. As in Buddhist images, the jina is flanked by attendants—the nature-deity yaksha and yakshi replacing the bodhisattvas—and fly-whisk bearers gesturing their readiness to fan him. A lion-supported throne and triple umbrellas confirm the regal status. Rock-cut versions of such compositions appear frequently in the Pandyan territories of northern Tamil Nadu in the eighth and ninth centuries, a date range to which this bronze can be assigned.
Samuel Eilenberg , New York (until 1987; donated to MMA)
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Peaceful Conquerors: Jain Manuscript Painting," September 10, 2009–March 28, 2010.