Maker: Watchmaker: Johannes van Ceulen (Dutch, active 1675–1715)

Enameler: Painted enamel possibly by Henri Toutin (French, 1614–1684)

Enameler: Raised enamel possibly by I. Josias Belle (French, 1624–1695)

Date: ca. 1676–80

Culture: Dutch, The Hague movement with French, Paris case

Medium: Case: painted enamel on gold, and raised enamel on gold; Movement: gilded brass, partly blued steel, and silver

Dimensions: Diameter (case): 2 1/4 in. (5.7 cm); Diameter (back plate): 1 15/16 in. (4.9 cm)

Classification: Horology

Credit Line: Gift of J. Pierpont Morgan, 1917

Accession Number: 17.190.1417


There was great demand for enamel watches among wealthy Dutch patrons; however, in the seventeenth century, nearly all enamelers who worked on watchcases were French or Swiss. Enameled cases were therefore imported empty to be fitted with Dutch movements, like this early balance spring watch. The scene on the cover, the Old Testament story of Elijah and Rebecca at the well, is almost certainly French in origin.