Head of King Amenemhat III

Period: Middle Kingdom

Dynasty: Dynasty 12

Reign: reign of Amenemhat III

Date: ca. 1859–1813 B.C.

Geography: From Egypt

Medium: Granodiorite

Dimensions: H. 40.6 × W. 18.4 × D. 25.4 cm, 20.9 kg (16 × 7 1/4 × 10 in., 46 lb.)

Credit Line: Gift of Dr. and Mrs. Thomas H. Foulds, 1924

Accession Number: 24.7.1


Although somewhat battered, this is an impressive image of a pharaoh wearing the double crown of Upper and Lower Egypt. The head is rounder than those depicting Senwosret III; the eyes are less bulbous, and the lids less fleshy. We see, in fact, a portrait of Senwosret's successor Amenemhat III. A piece closely related in style was found at Kom el-Hisn in the western Nile Delta. Like that sculpture the Museum's head has a distinctly youthful character, which is apparent in spite of the deep furrows at the sides of the king's nose. Egyptian artists often emphasized youthfulness in the face of an already mature pharaoh in images that commemorated the king's thirty-year jubilee (Heb Sed). The king was, in this image, most probably represented seated.