Folio from a Qur'an Manuscript

Object Name: Folio from a non-illustrated manuscript

Date: late 9th–early 10th century

Geography: Made in probably Syria

Medium: Ink and gold on parchment

Dimensions: H. 13 1/8 in. (33.32 cm)
W. 9 3/8 in. (23.8 cm)

Classification: Codices

Credit Line: Gift of Rudolf M. Riefstahl, 1930

Accession Number: 30.45


Like many early Qur'an folios, this one is written on parchment in black ink with a broad-nibbed reed pen. The horizontally elongated letters seen here are characteristic of early kufic Qur'ans on parchment, and are thought to be a response to the rectangular page format. The angular script is moderated by the roundness of several letters that look like large black dots, their inner blank spaces reduced almost to a needlepoint. Red and green dots indicate the vowel marks.