Central Islamic Lands
Ink on parchment
H. 6 1/2 in. (16.5 cm), W. 8 3/4 in. (22.2 cm)
Rogers Fund, 1940 (40.164.1a)
The dyeing of parchment for use in luxurious manuscripts originated in Byzantine tradition and continued into the early Islamic period. The preparation of parchment to receive ink, already a multistep process, was further extended by the addition of colored dyes. The parchment used in this Qur'an was dyed red and holds densely written text in kufic script. A limited use of diacritical marks to aid the reader, together with the simple forms of the letters, indicate that this folio was produced during the early Islamic period, probably in the ninth century.