Obverse, warriors fighting Persian archer Reverse, warrior
The almost miraculous Greek victory in 480 B.C. over the invading Persians, who were backed by the resources of a powerful empire, was the theme of much art produced in Greece during the first half of the fifth century B.C. Most images cast the battle in mythological terms; this is one of the few that show a Greek actually fighting a Persian.
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Title:Terracotta Nolan amphora (jar)
Date:ca. 480–470 BCE
Dimensions:H. 13 11/16 in. (34.8 cm)
Credit Line:Rogers Fund, 1906
[Until 1906, with Cesare and Ercole Canessa, Naples, Paris, New York]; acquired in 1906, purchased from C. & E. Canessa.
McClees, Helen and Christine Alexander. 1933. The Daily Life of the Greeks and Romans: As Illustrated in the Classical Collections, 5th ed. pp. 31–32, 87, 90, figs. 33, 111, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Richter, Gisela M. A. and Lindsley F. Hall. 1936. Red-Figured Athenian Vases in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. no. 35, pp. 56–57, pls. 34, 169, New Haven: Yale University Press.
McClees, Helen and Christine Alexander. 1941. The Daily Life of the Greeks and Romans: As Illustrated in the Classical Collections, 6th ed. pp. 31–32, 87, 90, figs. 33, 111, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1953. Handbook of the Greek Collection. pp. 72, 214, pl. 54b, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
Beazley, John D. 1963. Attic Red-figure Vase-painters, Vols. 1 and 2, 2nd ed. p. 1656, Add. 1, pp. 501–3, Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Miller, Margaret C. 1989. "The Ependytes in Classical Athens." Hesperia, 58(3): p. 327, pl. 55b.
Bol, Renate. 1998. Amazones Volneratae: Untersuchungen ze den Ephesischen Amazonenstauen. n. 502, Mainz am Rhein: Verlag Philipp von Zabern.
Schnapp, Alain. 2003. "Espace et perspective corporelle dans l'imagerie grecque." Zum Verhältnis von Raum und Zeit in der griechischen Kunst : Passavant-Symposion, 8. bis 10. Dezember 2000, Peter C. Bol, ed. p. 54 n. 24, figs. 5a–b, pl. 3, Möhnesee: Bibliopolis.
Oakley, John H. 2020. A Guide to Scenes of Daily Life on Athenian Vases. p. 180, fig. 8.19, Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press.
Spier, Jeffrey, Timothy F. Potts, and Sara Cole. 2022. Persia : Ancient Iran and the Classical World pp. 55–56, fig. 21, Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum.
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