Lower legs and feet have been restored with casts taken from copies in Berlin and Copenhagen. Most of right arm, lower part of pillar, and plinth are eighteenth-century marble restorations.
In Greek art, the Amazons, a mythical race of warrior women from Asia Minor, were often depicted battling such heroes as Herakles, Achilles, and Theseus. This statue represents a refugee from battle who has lost her weapons and bleeds from a wound under her right breast. Her chiton is unfastened at one shoulder and belted at the waist with a makeshift bit of bridle from her horse. Despite her plight, her face shows no sign of pain or fatigue. She leans lightly on a pillar at her left and rests her right arm gracefully on her head in a gesture often used to denote sleep or death. Such emotional restraint was characteristic of classical art of the second half of the fifth century B.C. The original statue probably stood in the precinct of the great temple of Artemis at Ephesos, on the coast of Asia Minor, where the Amazons had legendary and cultic connections with the goddess. The Roman writer Pliny the Elder described a competition held in the mid-fifth century B.C. between five famous sculptors, including Phidias, Polykleitos, and Kresilas, who were to make a statue of an Amazon for the temple. This type of statue is generally associated with that contest.
This artwork is meant to be viewed from right to left. Scroll left to view more.
Use your arrow keys to navigate the tabs below, and your tab key to choose an item
Title:Marble statue of a wounded Amazon
Date:1st–2nd century CE
Dimensions:H. 203.84 cm (80 1/4 in.)
Credit Line:Gift of John D. Rockefeller Jr., 1932
From after 1700, in the Borghese Collection, Villa Borghese, Rome; in or before 1774, acquired by William Petty-Fitzmaurice, Lord Shelburne, 1st Marquess of Lansdowne, from Robert and James Adam; from the 1770s and until 1930, collection of Lord Shelburne, 1st Marquess of Lansdowne and descendants, Lansdowne House, London, England; [1930, acquired by Joseph Brummer, purchased through Christie’s London at the Lansdowne Sale]; [1930-1932, with Joseph Brummer, New York]; acquired in 1932, gift of John D. Rockefeller.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1933. "The Lansdowne Amazon." Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 28(1): pp. 1–5.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1935. "Changes in the Restorations of the Lansdowne Amazon." Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 30(3): pp. 66–68.
Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1936. A Guide to the Collections, Part 1: Ancient and Oriental Art, 2nd edn. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1939. Guide to the Collections: Ancient and Oriental Art--Egyptian, Mesopotamian, Greek and Roman Far Eastern, Near Eastern Oriental Armor, Vol. 1, World's Fair Edition. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.
von Bothmer, Dietrich. 1949. "The Classical Contribution to Western Civilization." Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 7(8): p. 206.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1950. The Sculpture and Sculptors of the Greeks, 3rd edn. pp. 252, 571, fig. 656, New Haven: Yale University Press.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1953. Handbook of the Greek Collection. pp. 91, 232, pl. 72a, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1954. Catalogue of Greek Sculptures. no. 37, pp. 29–30, pls. 34–36, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
von Bothmer, Dietrich. 1957. Amazons in Greek Art. no. 67, p. 219, pl. 89, 3, Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1970. Masterpieces of Fifty Centuries. New York: Dutton.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1970. "The Department of Greek and Roman Art: Triumphs and Tribulations." Metropolitan Museum Journal, 3: pp. 82, 84, 89, fig. 20.
Forsyth, William Holmes and The International Confederation of Dealers in Works of Art. 1974. "Acquisitions from the Brummer Gallery." The Grand Gallery at the Metropolitan Museum of Art: Sixth International Exhibition presented by C.I.N.O.A.. p. 2, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Robertson, Martin and Cambridge University Press. 1975. A History of Greek Art, Vols. 1 and 2. pp. 334–39, pl. 111b, Cambridge, England.
Vermeule, Cornelius. 1977. Greek Sculpture and Roman Taste: The Purpose and Setting of Graeco-Roman Art in Italy and the Greek Imperial East. p. 68, fig. 62, Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press.
Hartswick, Kim J. 1984. "Roman Copies of Fifth Century Head Types. Ph.D. diss." Ph.D. Diss. pp. 176–80, pl. 61 fig. C, pl. 63 fig. C. Bryn Mawr College.
Howard Kathleen. 1994. Metropolitan Museum of Art Guide: Works of Art Selected by Philippe De Montebello. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Ridgway, Brunilde Sismondo. 1995. "Paene ad exemplum: Polykleitos' Other Works." Polykleitos, the Doryphoros, and Tradition, Warren G. Moon, ed. pp. 191–92, fig. 10.12, Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.
Picón, Carlos A. 1995. "Polykleitan and Related Sculptures in American Collections: Recent Acquisitions." Polykleitos, the Doryphoros, and Tradition, Warren G. Moon, ed. pp. 229, 244 n. 3, Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.
Ridgway, B.S. 1995. "Paene ad exemplum: Polykleitos' Other Works." Polykleitos, the Doryphoros, and Tradition, Warren G. Moon, ed. pp. 191–92, figs. 10–12, Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.
Bol, Renate. 1998. Amazones Volneratae: Untersuchungen ze den Ephesischen Amazonenstauen. fig. 4, 5, 27, 133d–e, 141c, 142b–e, Mainz am Rhein: Verlag Philipp von Zabern.
Boardman, John. 2002. The Archaeology of Nostalgia: How the Greeks Recreated Their Mythical Past. p. 170, fig. 155, London: Thames and Hudson Inc.
Milleker, Elizabeth J. 2003. Light on Stone: Greek and Roman Sculpture in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, a Photographic Essay. p. 96, pls. 10–12, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Picón, Carlos A. 2007. Art of the Classical World in the Metropolitan Museum of Art: Greece, Cyprus, Etruria, Rome no. 128, pp. 116–17, 430, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Metropolitan Museum of Art. 2012. The Metropolitan Museum of Art Guide. p. 71, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Angelicoussis, Elizabeth. 2017. Reconstructing the Lansdowne Collection of Classical Marbles, Vols. 1 & 2, Gerard M.-F. Hill, ed. no. 4, pp. 50–57, Munich: Hirmer Verlag.
Zanker, Paul, Seán Hemingway, Christopher S. Lightfoot, and Joan R. Mertens. 2019. Roman Art : A Guide through the Metropolitan Museum of Art's Collection. no. 6, pp. 47–48, New York: Scala Publishers.
Metropolitan Museum of Art. 2020. ART = Discovering Infinite Connections in Art History. pp. 073, 275, New York: Phaidon Press.
Hemingway, Seán. 2021. How to Read Greek Sculpture. no. 17, pp. 30, 45, 90–93, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.
The Met Collection API is where all makers, creators, researchers, and dreamers can now connect to the most up-to-date data and images for more than 470,000 artworks in The Met collection. As part of The Met’s Open Access program, the data is available for unrestricted commercial and noncommercial use without permission or fee.
We continue to research and examine historical and cultural context for objects in The Met collection. If you have comments or questions about this object record, please complete and submit this form. The Museum looks forward to receiving your comments.
The Museum's collection of Greek and Roman art comprises more than 30,000 works ranging in date from the Neolithic period to the time of the Roman emperor Constantine's conversion to Christianity in A.D. 312.