Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Light Crossbow (Schnepper) and Lever from the Armory of Moritzburg Castle

Dresden, Saxony
German, Dresden
Steel, wood (walnut and possibly hornbeam), staghorn, horn, wool, silk
crossbow, L. 27 15/16 in. (70.9 cm); W. 26 3/4 in. (67.9 cm); Wt. 4 lb. 6 oz. (1,975 g); push lever, L. 24 3/8 in. (61.9 cm); W. 2 7/16 in. (6.2 cm); Wt. 1 lb. 1 oz. (480 g)
Archery Equipment-Crossbows
Credit Line:
Purchase, Basford Dean Memorial Collection, funds from various donors, by exchange, 1970
Accession Number:
1970.102.1a, b
Not on view
Inscription: MORITZBURG (plaque beneath stock)
No 8 (horn butt plate)
105 (stock, near butt plate)
indecipherable letters (stock, left side)
90 (long arm of spanner)
No 17 (short arm of spanner)

Marking: acorn; unidentified makers mark (bow)
Ex. Coll.: Armory of Moritzburg Castle, Germany; Historisches Museum, Dresden; Sotheby & Co. Sale, March 23, 1970
Nickel, Helmut. "Reports of the Departments: Arms and Armor." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, 29, no. 2 (October 1970). p. 66, ill.

Catalogue of Highly Important Arms from the Saxon Royal Collections. London: Sotheby's, London, March 23, 1970. p. 8, lot 2.

Nickel, Helmut. Ullstein-Waffenbuch: Eine Kulturhistorische Waffenkunde. Mit Markenverzeichnis. Berlin: Ullstein, 1974. p. 228–29, ill.

Breiding, Dirk H. A Deadly Art: European Crossbows, 1250–1850. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2013. pp. 54–56, no. 13, fig. 2.23.

Related Objects

Rapier of Prince-Elector Christian II of Saxony (1583–1611)

Artist: Hilt by Israel Schuech (German, Dresden, active ca. 1590–1610) Date: dated 1606 Medium: Steel, bronze, gold, enamel, paste jewels, cameos, pearls, wood Accession: 1970.77 On view in:Gallery 376

Crossbow (Halbe Rüstung) with Winder (Cranequin)

Artist: Crossbow attributed to Johann Gottfried Hänisch the Elder (German, Dresden 1696–1778) Date: crossbow, ca. 1720–30; winder, ca. 1575–1600 Medium: Steel, wood (walnut), staghorn, copper alloy, hemp, leather, silk, gold, iron alloy, wool Accession: 29.158.650a, b On view in:Gallery 375

Crossbow (Halbe Rüstung) with Winder (Cranequin)

Artist: Crossbow by Johann Gottfried Hänisch the Elder (German, Dresden 1696–1778) Date: dated 1742 Medium: Steel, wood, staghorn, copper alloy, hemp, wool, gold, iron alloy Accession: 1985.248a, b On view in:Gallery 375

Crossbow of Count Ulrich V of Württemberg (1413–1480)

Artist: Attributed to Heinrich Heid von Winterthur (probably Swiss, active Stuttgart, recorded 1453–1460) Date: dated 1460 Medium: Wood (European hornbeam), horn, animal sinew, staghorn, birch bark, iron alloy, copper alloy, pigment Accession: 04.3.36 On view in:Gallery 373

Wheellock Gun Made for the Bodyguard of the Prince-Elector of Saxony

Date: dated 1589 Medium: Steel, brass, gold, wood (walnut), staghorn Accession: 28.100.7 On view in:Gallery 375