A sultan from Yemen commissioned this tray, which includes his name and titles in a large band surrounding a central medallion with the twelve signs of the zodiac and personifications of the seven planets of medieval belief (the sun, the moon, Mars, Jupiter, Mercury, Saturn, and Venus).
Inscription: Arabic, in thuluth script, and kufic (interlaced) in center; translation of thuluth script: "Glory to our Master the /Sultan, the King al-Mu'ayyad, the Wise, the Just, the Fighter (for the Faith), the Conqueror, Hizabr ad-Dunya wa'l Din Dawud. (Translation by Prof. N. Martinovitch. See pub. list, Dimand.)
Translations by Yasser al-Tabba (1978): inscription in large register in thuluth script) "Glory to our lord, the sultan, the king, the aided, the wise, the just, the fighter for the faith,the lion of the world and religion Dawud"; (inside) "Eternal life, Eternal life".
[Francesca Leoni, fellow: 06-18-08]: There is a third interlaced Kufic inscription framing the larger register which was read by Professor Ghouchani:
"Eternal life, victory, profit, good fortune, progress, and perpetual glory"; "Progress, eternal life, eternal (life), perpetual glory, victory, profit"; "Eternal glory, healthy life, future victory, eternal life, good fortune"; "Eternal life, perpetual glory, good fortune, profit, eternal life"; "Health, good fortune, profit, eternal life, perpetual glory, and good fortune"; "Eternal glory, healthy life, good fortune, profit, eternal life."
Marking: See Inscriptions.
Edward C. Moore, New York (until d. 1891; bequeathed to MMA)
The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "The Five-Petaled Rosette: Mamluk Art for the Sultans of Yemen," June 22, 1995–December 31, 1995, no catalogue.
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Following the Stars: Images of the Zodiac in Islamic Art," February 4, 1997–August 31, 1997, no. 4.
Dimand, Maurice S. A Handbook of Mohammedan Decorative Arts. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1930. p. 114.
Carboni, Stefano. Following the Stars: The Zodiac in Islamic Art. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1997. no. 4, pp. 14-15, ill. (b/w).
Artist: Date: second half 13th century Accession Number: 91.1.540 Date: second half 13th centuryMedium: Brass; cast, chased, inlaid with silver and black compoundAccession: 91.1.540On view in:Gallery 454
Artist: Date: ca. 1325–30 Accession Number: 91.1.2064 Date: ca. 1325–30Medium: Wood (rosewood and mulberry); carved, inlaid with carved ivory, ebony, and other woodsAccession: 91.1.2064On view in:Gallery 450