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Qaraite Book of Exodus

Not on view

By this period, Jews spoke and often wrote in Arabic, but only the Qaraites, a group that advocated literalistic interpretation of scripture, transliterated the Bible into Arabic characters. This book of Exodus features Hebrew and Arabic vocalization signs in red and green ink, resembling contemporary Qur’ans.

Qaraite Book of Exodus, Ink and pigments on paper; 21 folios

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Folio 18v