Upper part of a statue of Iqer, Limestone with traces of color

Upper part of a statue of Iqer

Middle Kingdom
Dynasty 11, late–12, early
ca. 2000–1917 B.C.
From Egypt, Upper Egypt, Thebes, Deir el-Bahri, Tomb CC 4 (MMA 521), Carnarvon-Carter excavations, 1909–1910
Limestone with traces of color
H. 21 × W. 14 × D. 9.4 cm (8 1/4 × 5 1/2 × 3 11/16 in.)
Credit Line:
Purchase, Edward S. Harkness Gift, 1926
Accession Number:
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 107
This torso and head were discovered separately in the debris of a large tomb at Deir el-Bahri on the west bank at Thebes: the torso was on the floor level of a large courtyard; and the head, along with part of the statue's pedestal, was found in the fill of the burial shaft. On the fragmentary base were the remains of an inscription that included the owner's name, Iqer.

Stylistically the statue, which follows the traditions of the late Old Kingdom, can be dated to the late 11th or early 12th Dynasty. The lack of a back pillar suggests that this bust was part of a seated statue. Here Iqer crosses his arms over his chest with his hands open and flat, in a gesture likely directed toward the afterlife judges to whom he would have to justify his deeds in life.
Excavated by Lord Carnarvon and Howard Carter, 1909-10. Acquired by Carnarvon in the division of finds. Carnarvon Collection purchased by the Museum from Lady Carnarvon, 1926.

Carnarvon, 5th Earl of and Howard Carter 1912. Five Years' Explorations at Thebes. p. 23, pl. XVIII.

Winlock, Herbert E. 1915. "The Theban Necropolis in the Middle Kingdom." In American Journal of Semitic Languages, Vol. 32, No. 1 (October), p. 19, note1.

Hayes, William C. 1953. Scepter of Egypt I: A Background for the Study of the Egyptian Antiquities in The Metropolitan Museum of Art: From the Earliest Times to the End of the Middle Kingdom. Cambridge, Mass.: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, pp. 209-210, fig. 127.