The small bronze kneeling king represents two aspects of art of the Kushite Period that are intensifications of tendencies already extant in the Third Intermediate Period. Provision of small bronze royal attendant statuary demonstrated an specially pious regard for the gods and their temples. Stylistically there was an inclination toward models from the past, particularly the Old Kingdom, a taste clearly visible in the broad shoulders and narrow waist of the small bronze.
At the same time, Kushite kings wore distinctive regalia, including a cap crown, double uraei, and ram's-head amulets. On the kneeling king, the double uraei have been "corrected" to one and the ram's-head amulets have been hammered out by a later Saite king, but the large gold ram's-head amulet is an actual example of the type worn on the king's neck cord.
Christos Bastis Collection, New York, from 1975; exhibited as a loan to the Brooklyn Museum, 1975-99, in the major traveling exhibition Africa in Antiquity (Brooklyn, Seattle, New Orleans, The Hague, Netherlands) 1978-1979, and in Antiquities from the Christos G. Bastis Collection, Metropolitan Museum, 1987; sold at Sothebys, New York, December 1999; acquired by the Museum 2002 from Peter Sharrer, New York. Frequently published.
Hill, Marsha 2004. Royal Bronze Statuary from Ancient Egypt with Special Attention to the Kneeling Pose. Leiden: Brill, cat. 243 and K-6, pl. 35; pp. 51-74 passim, 226.
Hill, Marsha and Deborah Schorsch 2005. "The Gulbenkian Torso of King Pedubaste: Investigations into Egyptian Large Bronze Statuary." In Metropolitan Museum Journal, 40, c.f. p. 191, n.88.
Hill, Marsha 2007. "Lives of the Statuary." In Gifts for the Gods: Images from Egyptian Temples, edited by Marsha Hill and Deborah Schorsch. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, pp. 156–57, fig. 66, no. 24.