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Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Osiris offered by the Astronomer of the House of Amun, Ibeb

Third Intermediate Period
Dynasty 21–24
ca. 1070–712 B.C.
From Egypt, Middle Egypt, Hiba (Ankyronpolis), Nile east bank, above Benisuef, EEF excavations 1902-1903
Leaded bronze; precious-metal leaf; inlays of other materials; wood base with ink or black paint inscription
Statue above base H. 35 cm (13 3/4 in); W 12.2 cm (4 13/16 in); D 9 cm (3 9/16 in); Base H. 9.5 cm (3 3/4 in); W 13.4 cm (5 1/4 in); D 26.2 cm (10 5/16 in)
Credit Line:
Gift of Egypt Exploration Fund, 1903
Accession Number:
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 125
This statuette was excavated at Hiba (or Teudjoi), a fortress town south of Herakleopolis, in Middle Egypt, and an important outpost at the northern limits of the Theban controlled part of the country from the late New Kingdom through the Third Intermediate Period. The site has not been thoroughly examined archaeologically, but the Theban High Priests (and sometime kings) seem to have had a residence at El-Hiba, and King Sheshonq I (r. ca. 945-924 B.C.) built a temple of Amun there. The statue is preserved on its original wood base, which bears a hieroglyphic inscription recording the name of the donor: "the Astronomer of the House of Amun Ibeb (Ibi), Son of the Astronomer of the House of Amun Ankhpekhered." The current glossy black surface is an artificial patination applied in the 1930s.
{D.t} Dd-mdw Wsjr wn[n]-nfr nTr aA nb
Dd.w HqA D.t Di=f anx wDA snb n jm.j-
wn.wt pr-jmn jbb
zA jm.j-wn.wt pr-jmn anx-p(A)-Xrd [mAa-xrw] jmAx[y] D.t
Word spoken (by) Osiris Wennefer, great god, lord of
Busiris, ruler of eternity, may he give life, prosperity, and health to the astronomer
of the Domain of Amun, Ibeb,
son of the astronomer of the Domain of Amun, Ankhpekhered, [justified], honored [forever]
Niv Allon 2016
Excavated El-Hiba by the Egypt Exploration Fund. Acquired by the EEF in the division of finds. Given by the EEF to the Museum for its contribution to the excavations, 1903.

Hill, Marsha 2007. "Lives of the Statuary." In Gifts for the Gods: Images from Egyptian Temples, edited by Marsha Hill and Deborah Schorsch. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, pp. 152–53, fig. 60, no. 18.

Schorsch, Deborah 2014. Archaeometallurgy in Global Perspective: Methods and Syntheses. New York: Springer Publishing Company, p. 271, fig. 12.2.

Hill, Marsha and Deborah Schorsch 2016. "Ptah's Profile." In Another Mouthful of Dust. Egyptological Studies in Honour of Geoffrey Thorndike Martin, 246, TIP/9 pp. 274-287.

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