Bes-image of the god Hor-Asha-Khet, Bronze; gold, electrum, auriferous-silver, copper and copper-alloy inlays

Bes-image of the god Hor-Asha-Khet

Period:
Late Period–Ptolemaic Period
Date:
4th–2nd century B.C.
Geography:
From Egypt
Medium:
Bronze; gold, electrum, auriferous-silver, copper and copper-alloy inlays
Dimensions:
H. 16.8 cm (6 5/8 in.) [20 cm (7 7/8 in.) with tang]; W. 9.6 cm (3 3/4 in.); D. 6.7 cm (2 5/8 in.)
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, 1929
Accession Number:
29.2.3
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 134
This statue has the visual form known for the god Bes, but the form was actually adopted for depictions of numerous other gods, usually ones related to Horus. This association might be related to the protector role of Bes-type demons in relation to the newborn sun. Egyptologists use the term "Bes-image" to describe such works, or in cases where the name of the god represented is not known. The inscription on this example reads: "Horus-Ashakhet, who makes live Ibi, son of Pediastarte, born of Tadiese...," indicating that the statuette represents an obscure god named Horus-Ashakhet. The offerer's father's name includes the name of the Semitic goddess Astarte, suggesting that the unreadable group of signs following the mother's name might be an epithet of Semitic origin.

This aggressively posed image is notable for the refined polychrome surface decoration that articulates the god's physical features and the minute details of his regalia; it incorporates at least seven distinctive metallic hues derived from the use of a wide variety of metals.
Purchased in Cairo from Maurice Nahman, 1929.

Hill, Marsha 2007. "Casting About: The Late Period (664–332 B.C.) and the Macedonian-Ptolemaic Period (332–30 B.C.)." In Gifts for the Gods: Images from Egyptian Temples, edited by Marsha Hill and Deborah Schorsch. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, p. 125, no. 50.

Hill, Marsha 2017. "Small divine statuettes: parsing a first millennium donation practice." In Egypt and Sudan Newsletter (British Museum), p. 42.