Jubilee Relief of Ramesses II
- New Kingdom, Ramesside
- Dynasty 19
- reign of Ramesses II
- ca. 1279–1213 B.C.
- From Egypt, Fayum Entrance Area, Herakleopolis (Ihnasya el-Medina), Temple of Ramesses II, EEF excavations 1903-1904
- H. 109.2 (43 in); w. 109.2 cm (43 in.)
- Credit Line:
- Gift of Egypt Exploration Fund, 1905
- Accession Number:
This deeply carved relief of Ramesses II shows the king wearing the red crown of Lower Egypt and seated within a shrine, the roof of which is decorated with uraei. It was part of a scene showing the king celebrating one of the sed festivals, or jubilees, of his long reign. Ramesses II, known as Ramesses the Great, ruled for sixty-six years and had an enormous impact both in Egypt and abroad. In his military campaigns, he confronted the expanding empire of the Hittites and eventually secured a treaty with them and married two Hittite princesses. He extended his rule far into Nubia, as the building of his huge rock-cut temple at Abu Simbel testifies. He built monuments as far north as Byblos in modern-day Lebanon and as far south as Jebel Barkal in the Sudan. He established a new capital at Piramesse in the eastern Delta.
This relief was found by Flinders Petrie in a temple that Ramesses II built at Heracleopolis, in the northern part of Egypt near the Faiyum and dedicated to the local god Harsaphes.