Papyrus inscribed with six "Osiris Liturgies", Papyrus, ink

Papyrus inscribed with six "Osiris Liturgies"

Early Ptolemaic Period
ca. 332–200 B.C.
From Egypt; Probably from Middle Egypt, Meir, south part of the necropolis
Papyrus, ink
Approximate framed length 1120 cm (36 ft. 9 in.); height 23 cm (9 1/4 in.)
Credit Line:
Gift of Edward S. Harkness, 1935
Accession Number:
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 134
This papyrus is dedicated to a Priest of Horus named Imhotep. Divided into 62 columns, it contains 6 separate texts, all designed to provide for the protection and glorification of Osiris, the divine ruler of the realm of the dead. Several of the texts here were originally composed for use in temple contexts, and have been adapted for use by Imhotep by the addition of his name. Imhotep and his father Psintaes were priests of Horus of Cusae in Middle Egypt, and his mother Tjehenet was a musician in the cult of Hathor, the principal deity of this town. Imhotep's coffin was found at Meir, the cemetery connected with Cusae, thus this papyrus and Imhotep's Book of Coming Forth by Day (35.9.20a–w) most likely come from his burial as well.

Link to a blog about this papyrus
A New Life for the Book of the Dead
Purchased in Cairo in 1923 by Edward S. Harkness. Loaned to the Museum in 1924. Donated to the Museum with the Harkness Collection, 1935.

Guermeur, Ivan 2005. Les cultes d'Amon hors de Thèbes : recherches de géographie religieuse. Turnhout, O, column XXIV, 4-5: p. 175.

Panov, Maxim 2017. "A Document Relating to the Cult of Arsinoe and Philotera." In Journal of Egyptian History, 10, p. 47 n.8.