Enthroned Jina, Probably Neminatha

late 7th century
India (Gujarat, Akota)
Copper alloy
H. 13 3/4 in. (34.9 cm); W. 11 1/4 in. (28.6 cm); D. 3 1/2 in. (8.9 cm)
Credit Line:
Purchase, several members of The Chairman's Council Gifts and Josephine Jackson Foundation Gift, 2008
Accession Number:
Not on view
An enthroned Jain savior is deep in meditation, seated in a yogic posture on a jeweled cushion set on a two-tiered lion-supported throne. At the center of the pedestal two kneeling deer venerate the wheel-of-law (dharmachakra), a symbol of religious wisdom shared with Buddhism. Seated in royal ease on projecting lotus supports are the yaksha Gomedha and the yakshi Ambika, attendants of the jina Neminatha, the twenty-second in the lineage of twenty-four historical jinas recognized by the Jain religion. On the reverse is a donor's inscription in a seventh-century Sanskrit script.
Inscription: One-line inscription on back of base (partial)
Purchased from Spink & Son, London, by The Jina Collection, United States, before 1994. Purchased by The Metropolitan Museum of Art from Carlton Rochell, Ltd., New York, in 2008. Exhibition Information: The work was on loan to, and exhibited at, the Smithsonian's Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery from 1994 to 2000 with interruption to feature in the touring exhibition, The Peaceful Liberators: Jain Art from India, which was exhibited at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art from November 6, 1994 to January 22 1995, the Kimbell Art Museum from March 5 to May 28, 1995, the New Orleans Museum of Art from July 15 to September 17, 1995 and the Victoria and Albert Museum, November 2, 1995 to January 21, 1996. Publication Information: The work was published in Octagon by Spink & Son, London, in 1982. The work was published in the catalogue for the Peaceful Liberators exhibition: Pal, P. (ed.), The Peaceful Liberators: Jain Art from India, New York: Thames and Hudson, 1994, pg. 142. The work was published in Peter Marks Gallery, The Jina Collection, 2001, New York, fig. 2.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Peaceful Conquerors: Jain Manuscript Painting," September 10, 2009–March 28, 2010.