Pen Box with a Europeanizing Landscape

Artist: Hajji Muhammad

Object Name: Pen box

Date: late 17th–early 18th century

Geography: Made in Iran

Medium: Papier-maché; painted and lacquered

Dimensions: LengtH. 11 in. (27.9 cm)
WidtH. 2 1/4in. (5.7cm)

Classification: Lacquer

Credit Line: Purchase, Elizabeth S. Ettinghausen Gift, in memory of Richard Ettinghausen, 2000

Accession Number: 2000.491a, b


This pen box is signed by the later Safavid artist Haji Muhammad. The Europeanized landscape depicted on the inside cover of this box is associated with the style of this artist and other members of his family, most famously his celebrated brother Muhammad Zaman. The high status accorded to the arts of calligraphy and writing in the Islamic world led to the production of many handsome accessories such as this pen box.