Italy, probably Bologna
Tempera, gold, and ink on parchment
Gift of Bashford Dean, 1923 (23.21.4)
Medieval Christians considered the Maccabees, who reestablished the Temple in Jerusalem for Jewish worship, as prototypes of the Christian Crusaders who fought to regain the holy city from Muslim control. This page illustrates a text from the Second Book of Maccabees, which would have been sung during worship in a monastery.