Four Seasons shawl, Wool and silk, French or Scottish

Four Seasons shawl

Date:
mid-19th century
Culture:
French or Scottish
Medium:
Wool and silk
Dimensions:
H. 74 1/2 x W. 72 1/4 inches (189.2 x 183.5 cm)
Classification:
Textiles-Woven
Credit Line:
Gift of Mrs. Edwin E. Butler, in memory of her father Dudley B. Fuller, 1926
Accession Number:
26.179
Not on view
A shawl was a required fashion accessory during much of the nineteenth century. In the early 1800s long, rectangular, stolelike examples, hand-woven in India with boteh (pine cone) or paisley patterned end panels, were coveted for use with Empire-style dresses. This style was followed by the square shawl and then, with the introduction of wider skirts, by "plaids"—a term used not to describe the pattern but to connote a very large and long shawl, usually ten feet by five feet.

Stylistically, this shawl demonstrates both a "four seasons" layout—in which the ground color is different in each of the quadrants—and an organization a la pivot, indicating the manner in which the vegetation swirls around a central point. The design for the shawl is probably French, but it may have been purchased by a Scottish manufacturer and jacquard-woven in Paisley.

[Alice Zrebiec, 1995]
Mrs. Edwin E. Butler (until 1926; to MMA)