Cloister, Marble, French


late 13th–14th century
Made in Midi-Pyrénées, France
Overall: 54 ft. 3 in. x 49 ft. (1,660 x 1,490 cm)
Credit Line:
The Cloisters Collection, 1925
Accession Number:
On view at The Met Cloisters in Gallery 11
Reconstructed with twenty-one double capitals surmounting slender columns, the L-shaped arcade of this cloister screens the delightful herb garden of the Museum. The decorations of the capitals fall loosely into two groups: those with bulbous leaves forming prominent volutes at the corners (sometimes in two registers), and those with large, flattened foliage hugging the body of the capitals. Traditionally thought to have come from a Cistercian monastery in Bonnefont-en-Comminges near Toulouse, at least nine of the double capitals (six installed here, one in the Trie Cloister, and two in storage) are now known to have come from a late thirteenth-century Franciscan monastery in Tarbes that was demolished in 1907–8. Stylistic analyses of the remaining sculptures support the long-held belief that they came from other monuments in this region.
Not copied after any specific model, the layout of the cloister garden approximates that of a medieval herb garden, with raised beds bordered by bricks and wattle fences. Grouped and labeled according to their medieval usage (e.g., medicinal, culinary, magic, household), all of the plants grown in the garden are species documented in medieval sources, such as the ninth-century Capitulare de villis vel curtis imperialibus (Directive for the Administration of Imperial Courts). Of particular interest are the plants used by medieval artists, including those providing pigments for manuscript painting and textile dyeing.
#38. Cloister
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With elements from the Franciscan monastery at Tarbes and other nearby monuments; George Grey Barnard American, Bellefonte, Pennsylvania 1863–1938 New York, New York (until 1925)
Lief, Zola. "The Cloisters." The Compleat Collector 3, no. 7 (May 1943). pp. 3, 4.

Rorimer, James J. Medieval Monuments at The Cloisters: As They Were and As They Are, edited by Katherine Serrell Rorimer. Revised ed. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1972. pp. 20-21, fig. 11-12.

Barnet, Peter, and Nancy Y. Wu. The Cloisters: Medieval Art and Architecture. 75th Anniversary ed. New York and New Haven: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2012. pp. 84–85.

Husband, Timothy B. "Creating the Cloisters." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, n.s., 70, no. 4 (Spring 2013). pp. 4-46, fig. 13.