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Middle Niger civilization

Not on view

The bush buffalo figures notably in an essential episode of the Sunjata epic in which Kamissa, a shape-shifting sorceress from the land of Dô, transforms herself into a Buffalo Woman. Within the context of Mande symbolism and legend, any leader wishing to establish his authority and power over a landscape or waterway had to enter into a contract agreement with its guardian spirit, or baafaro, a composite water animal.

Buffalo, Bronze, Middle Niger civilization

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