Landscapes Painted for Yuweng

Artist: Fan Qi (Chinese, 1616–after 1694)

Period: Qing dynasty (1644–1911)

Date: dated 1673

Culture: China

Medium: Album of eight leaves; ink and color on paper

Dimensions: 6 x 7 7/16 in. (15.2 x 18.9 cm)

Classification: Paintings

Credit Line: Bequest of John M. Crawford Jr., 1988

Accession Number: 1989.363.131a–h


Fan Qi worked in an unusually precise and realistic style. He was also among those painters most clearly influenced by Western landscape techniques, which were imported to Nanjing through the prints, books, and paintings brought by Jesuit missionaries.

In this album Fan's interest in describing the changing seasons, times of day, and differing qualities of light and atmosphere recalls the descriptive goals of Song painting. In contrast to Song landscapes, Fan's minutely described scenery, his accurate use of foreshortening, and his interest in the coloristic effects of sunlight result in an almost documentary quality.