The Land of Cockaigne, Attributed to Pieter van der Heyden (Netherlandish, ca. 1525–1569), Engraving; first state of three

The Land of Cockaigne

Attributed to Pieter van der Heyden (Netherlandish, ca. 1525–1569)
After Pieter Bruegel the Elder (Netherlandish, Breda (?) ca. 1525–1569 Brussels)
after 1570?
Engraving; first state of three
Plate: 8 3/16 x 11 in. (20.8 x 27.9 cm)
Sheet: 9 1/8 x 11 15/16 in. (23.1 x 30.4 cm)
Credit Line:
Harris Brisbane Dick Fund, 1926
Accession Number:
Not on view
The Land of Cockaigne, known in Dutch literature as Luilekkerland (country of the lazy and gluttonous), was described in very popular stories as a mythical place where there is no need to work, and where food and drink are so abundant that we need only open our mouths to take in what we desire. In this print, which accurately follows in reverse Bruegel's 1567 painting of the same title (Munich, Alte Pinakothek), three figures—a soldier, a farmer, and a clerk—are shown sleeping off the effects of their overindulgence, or waiting for more drink to imbibe—as the clerk does at left. Some of the remains of their meal are strewn on the platform encircling the tree in the center, while the mountain of buckwheat in the background and the house covered with tarts at right indicate this land has plenty to spare. The image's moralizing intent—to decry the vices of sloth and gluttony—is apparent from the first part of the Dutch inscription below: "The lazy and gluttonous farmers, soldiers, and clerks get there and taste all for nothing." Though Bruegel is credited with the inspiration for the design—"P. Bruegel. inventor" appears in the lower left corner—it is unclear whether the master was involved in the production of the print, which was probably engraved by Pieter van der Heyden.
Van Bastelaer 1908, nos. 147, 147bis; NH (Bruegel) 114.47.i; Lebeer 1955; Brussels 1969, no. 63; Tokyo 1989, no. 63; Frank 1991; Van Bastelaer 1992, no. 147; Rotterdam/MMA 2001