Apollo and Diana

Artist: Jacopo de' Barbari (Italian, active Venice by 1497–died by 1516 Mechelen or Brussels)

Date: ca. 1503–5

Medium: Engraving

Dimensions: plate: 6 1/4 x 3 15/16 in. (15.9 x 9.9 cm)
sheet: 6 7/16 x 4 1/8 in. (16.4 x 10.5 cm)

Classification: Prints

Credit Line: Rogers Fund, 1920

Accession Number: 20.92.2


In this print Apollo is shown in his role as a solar deity, standing on top of a celestial sphere firing arrows that signify the rays of the sun. The image shows the moment when night, symbolized by Apollo's sister Diana, goddess of the moon, gives way to day. Devoted to the hunt, the chaste Diana (the Greek Artemis) is accompanied by a deer.
It was through engravings like this, with its idealized nude figures, that Barbari influenced artists throughout Europe, including the German Albrecht Dürer.