Heart Amulet of Manhata,

The Egyptians regarded the heart as the seat of the spirit, and it was not removed from the body during mummification. Among the spells popularly known as the Book of the Dead, one (30B) calls upon the heart not to bear witness against the deceased during judgment in the afterlife. This spell was usually inscribed on a large scarab made of green stone that was placed on the mummy's chest. Instead of a scarab, Queen Manhata was given a heart-shaped amulet. The ends of the gold wire that held the amulet in place are shaped like birds' heads.

For other objects belonging to this queen, see 18.8.1a, b; 18.8.22a, b.

On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 118

back

Public Domain

back

Object Details

Period: New Kingdom

Dynasty: Dynasty 18

Reign: reign of Thutmose III

Date: ca. 1479–1425 B.C.

Geography: From Egypt, Upper Egypt, Thebes, Wadi Gabbanat el-Qurud, Wadi D, Tomb of the 3 Foreign Wives of Thutmose III

Medium: Gold, green schist

Dimensions: L. 5.6 cm (2 3/16 in); W. 3.8 cm (1 1/2 in); Th. 1.9 cm (3/4 in); L. wire and scarab 32.6 cm (12 13/16 in)

Credit Line: Fletcher Fund, 1919

Accession Number: 26.8.144

Purchased in Luxor with other objects presumed to be from western Thebes, Wadi Gabbanat el-Qurud, Wadi D, Tomb 1, 1919.

Lilyquist, Christine 2003. The Tomb of Three Foreign Wives of Tuthmosis III. 2003. New York, pp. 128–29, no. 17; pp. 196–97, fig. 103, 106; p. 330, fig. 264c.