Producing portraits in miniature, pastel, and oil, Labille-Guiard was admitted to the Académie Royale in 1783, one of the few women in eighteenth-century France to earn this honor. This rare example of her draftsmanship shows her vigorous technique in trois crayons (red, black, and white chalks) as akin to that of her husband, François-André Vincent (1746–1816). She depicts here her devoted student Marie-Gabrielle Capet (1761–1818), who lived in the couple's household, staying on even after Labille-Guiard's death in 1803 to care for Vincent until his death in 1816, two years before her own.
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Title:Study of a Seated Woman Seen from Behind (Marie-Gabrielle Capet)
Artist:Adélaïde Labille-Guiard (French, Paris 1749–1803 Paris)
Medium:Red, black, and white chalk on toned laid paper
Dimensions:Sheet: 20 1/2 x 18 7/8 in. (52 x 48 cm)
Credit Line:Gift of Mrs. Charles Wrightsman, 2008
Signature: Signed in black chalk at lower right, Labille f. Guiard.
Inscription: Inscribed in pen and brown ink at lower left: Labille / fme Guiard / 1789.
Presumably in the studio of Adélaïde Labille-Guiard (French)until her death, 1803; ?her husband, François André Vincent (French); collection of M. D[espris], Paris; his sale, Hôtel Drouot, Paris, May 18-19, 1921, lot 31; Mme Conti(per Passez); Edouard Pape; his sale, Hôtel Drouot, Paris, April 16, 1943, lot 6; Private Collection, France; Emmanuel Moatti, Paris, 1994; sold to Wrightsman; Mrs. Charles Wrightsman (American), New York, from 1994
Wildenstein, New York. "The Winds of Revolution," November 14, 1989–December 28, 1989.
Emmanuel Moatti and Jack Kilgore & Co., Inc., New York. "Old Master Drawings," May 6, 1994–May 21, 1994.
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Drawings and Prints: Selections from the Permanent Collection," July 12–October 3, 2010.
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Paper Chase: Two Decades of Collecting Drawings and Prints," December 9, 2014–March 16, 2015.
Anne-Marie Passez Adélaïde Labille-Guiard, 1749–1803: Biographie et catalogue raisonné de son oeuvre. Arts et Métiers Graphiques, Paris, 1973, p. 222, no. 105 (as "Portrait de Femme," present location unknown, citation of M. D[espris] sale), and p. 296, no. 178 (as "Portrait de Jeune Femme," among the "Oeuvres incertaines passées en ventes publiques," citation of Pape sale).
Joseph Baillio The Winds of Revolution. Exh. cat., Wildenstein, New York, November 14-December 28, 1989. New York, 1989, cat. no. 31, ill.
Old Master Drawings. Exh. cat., Emmanuel Moatti and Jack Kilgore & Co., Inc., New York, May 6-21, 1994. New York, 1994, cat. no. 28.
Margaret Morgan Grasselli, Jean-Francois Méjanès, William W. Robinson Mastery and Elegance, Two Centuries of French Drawings from the Collection of Jeffrey E. Horvitz. Exh. cat., Harvard University Art Museums, and other cities. edited by Alvin L. Clark Jr., Cambridge, MA, 1999, p. 326, fig. 1.
Everett Fahy, Pierre Rosenberg, Elizabeth E. Barker, George R. Goldner et al. The Wrightsman Pictures. New York and New Haven, 2005, cat. no. 72, ill.
Laura Auricchio Adélaide Labille-Guiard: Artist in the Age of Revolution. Los Angeles, 2009, pp. 14-15, ill. fig. 7.
Louis-Antoine Prat Le Dessin Français au XVIIIe siècle. Paris, 2017, fig. no. 424, 250-51, ill.
Magnus Olausson, Martin Olin, Daniel Prytz "Four 18th-Century French Draughtsmen" Art Bulletin of Nationalmuseum. 26, Stockholm, 2019, fig. no. 6, p. 34.
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